An ovarian cyst is a sac that grows on or within one or both of your ovaries and is filled with fluid or semisolid substances. The ovaries are tiny glands in your pelvis that contain egg cells and produce hormones like oestrogen and progesterone.
There are various forms of ovarian cysts, the majority of which are painless and harmless (benign). Ovarian cysts rarely cause symptoms. You won’t know unless your doctor discovers one during a normal pelvic exam or imaging treatment.
Ovarian cysts can occasionally create difficulties. Regular pelvic checks and communicating with your doctor about any symptoms you may be experiencing can help prevent cyst concerns.
What are the different types of Ovarian Cysts?
The majority of ovarian cysts are functioning cysts. They form in response to changes in your body during your menstrual cycle. Ovarian cysts can occur for reasons other than menstruation.
Other cysts include:
Not all ovarian cysts develop as a result of your menstrual cycle. They aren’t usually symptoms of disease, but your doctor may want to keep an eye on them to make sure they don’t lead to issues. They are as follows:
Who are the people who are impacted by ovarian cysts?
An ovarian cyst can occur in anyone who has ovaries. Your odds improve as a result of:
Are ovarian cysts common?
Ovarian cysts are fairly frequent, particularly if you have not yet reached menopause. The most frequent type of ovarian cyst is a functional cyst.
Are ovarian cysts dangerous?
No, usually. Most ovarian cysts are innocuous, and they usually fade away on their own. Some cysts are more prone to develop malignancy or cause difficulties, but this is uncommon. Cancerous ovarian cysts account for less than 1% of all cases. In addition, your provider can constantly monitor any suspicious cysts to limit your risk of problems.
What is the cause of an ovarian cyst?
Ovulation is the most common cause of ovarian cysts. Other factors include:
What are the symptoms and indicators of an ovarian cyst?
Some smaller cysts are asymptomatic. In many circumstances, you may be unaware that you have a cyst. Larger cysts may result in:
If these symptoms persist, you may have polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is a hormonal disorder that causes irregular periods and other hormone-related issues such as obesity and infertility. Other symptoms of polycystic ovarian syndrome include hirsutism (excessive body hair growth) and weight loss problems.
What does it feel like to have an ovarian cyst?
The symptoms of an ovarian cyst differ from person to person. You may experience:
Can you gain weight if you have an ovarian cyst?
Yes. Bloating caused by cysts might contribute to weight gain. Some cysts produce hormones that might promote weight gain.
What are the risks of an ovarian cyst?
How is an ovarian cyst identified?
Your doctor will first rule out pregnancy as a possible cause of your symptoms. The following tests may then be used to diagnose an ovarian cyst:
Ovarian cyst removal surgery
If a cyst is causing symptoms and growing in size, it may require surgery to be removed. The type of surgery is determined by the size of the cyst and its appearance on an ultrasound. Among the various procedures employed are:
If your doctor detects cancer, she or he may consult with a cancer specialist, sometimes known as a gynaecological oncologist, about your best treatment options.
Is it possible to avoid ovarian cysts?
Taking hormone-containing drugs (such as birth control tablets) will prevent ovulation. According to certain research, the tablet lowers the recurrence of some cysts.
Ovarian cysts are usually innocuous enough that prophylaxis is unnecessary. Instead, make a note of any symptoms that may indicate a cyst and notify your clinician. Schedule regular pelvic exams so your doctor can detect any cysts that need to be treated.
What should I do if I have an ovarian cyst?
The majority of cysts are functioning and will likely disappear within a few months. Follow-up imaging may be required to ensure that a cyst is not expanding. If your provider notices a cyst that could create difficulties in the future, listen to their advice carefully. Your doctor may advise you to wait it out, prescribe medicine, or a combination of the two. Surgery may be required for more serious cysts.
When should I worry about an ovarian cyst?
Cysts that cause symptoms and continue to increase in size require more frequent monitoring than cysts that do not. Keep track of any symptoms you’re having so you may inform your healthcare physician. Follow their recommendations for how frequently you should schedule checkups to monitor any suspicious cysts.
When should I contact my physician?
If any of the following occur, contact your doctor:
If you detect any of the following symptoms of ovarian torsion, get immediate medical attention: