The hip joint is a ball and socket joint (round shaped surface of one bone fits in the cavity of another bone). At the end of each bone, a rubbery but firm material called cartilage is present. The cartilage is made up of proteins and water. When the cartilage faces wear and tear, the underlying bones rub against each other leading to inflammation at the joint. This condition is called arthritis of the hip.
There are three different types of hip arthritis namely:
The immune system of our body fights against foreign bodies to keep our body healthy. An autoimmune disease occurs when our immune system attacks our own body confusing it to be a foreign element. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease that can attack joints of the hip. This type of arthritis happens on both sides of the body hence, both hips may be affected.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic disease that causes inflammation in the spine which in turn leads to pain in the lower back and hips.
The immune system of our body fights against foreign bodies to keep our body healthy. An autoimmune disease occurs when our immune system attacks our own body confusing it to be a foreign element. Systemic lupus erythematosus is the most common autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in various parts of the body including the joints. A person with systemic lupus erythematosus is at a higher risk of osteonecrosis of the hip (a disease that kills the bone cells and weakens the bone structure leading to arthritis).
The factors that cause arthritis of the hip are:
Symptoms of arthritis of the hip:
The symptoms of arthritis of the hip are as follows:
Diagnosis of arthritis of the hip:
The orthopaedic conduct a thorough physical examination to evaluate the gait (manner of walking), mobility and strength. An x-ray may be suggested to detect changes/ abnormalities in the bone structure (narrowing or spurring of the bone). Blood tests are conducted to check for a presence of rheumatoid factor—or any other antibody that may cause inflammation.
Treatment of arthritis of the hip:
The course of treatment for hip arthritis is planned by taking into consideration the age, stage of arthritis and your comfort. The treatment options include:
The orthopaedic department at OMNI Hospitals Visakhapatnam is equipped with state-of-the-art equipment. We have the best orthopaedic in Vizag who are skilled at treating arthritis of the hip. We provide the best orthopaedic care for your joints and bones.