Brain stroke or Brain Attack or simply Stroke is a medical condition of the brain where the flow of blood is suddenly stopped or any of the blood vessels in the brain gets ruptured. Due to the blockage not just blood but oxygen and other vitals also stop circulating which eventually kills the brain cells. This leads to sudden loss of functioning of the body part where the respective block is present. The stroke could lead to loss of body function, body movement, body sensation, memory and even activities like speech, eyesight/ vision, loss of muscle strength, disability and death.
TYPES OF STROKE :
REASONS FOR A BRAIN STROKE
It is known that men who are above 40 are slightly more likely to suffer a stroke than women and the rate of brain stroke in women is more than that of breast cancer. A stroke can occur due to various reasons such as the following.
Reasons for Ischemic stroke:
Reasons for Hemorrhagic stroke:
Aneurysms are the weakest spots of the brain’s arteries, where the blood vessel bursts and a pool of blood covers the brain. This form of hemorrhagic stroke is known as Subarachnoid.
Old age, Diabetes and hypertension to an extreme can also cause the blood vessels in the brain to weaken and burst, leading to bleeding in the brain.
SYMPTOMS OF A STROKE:
FACTORS LEADING TO A STROKE : The primary factors leading to stroke are.
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF A STROKE?
Time is the most essential criteria in case of an ongoing stroke. 60 mins/1 Hour. The person suffering from a stroke should be taken to a hospital for medical assistance within 60 minutes, because even the medical team needs time to diagnose and treat the patient. If done so, there are maximum chances the patient will recover with almost no permanent side effects and no threat to life. 3 to 6 hours is known as the critical time for any patient ongoing with a stroke because it’s treatment is best effective in the first 3 to 6 hours as post that critical time the brain cells are damaged and dead to an irreversible stage that any form of medication would not really help at that stage.
TREATMENT FOR A BRAIN STROKE :
HOW LONG WILL THE PATIENT BE HOSPITALIZED
A patient is generally admitted in the hospital for anywhere between 4 to 6 days after a stroke. There are chances the duration might be prolonged if the patient develops any form of infections or the patient might require advanced therapies for muscle, vision or speech improvement.
POST RECOVERY PRECAUTIONS
After the patient is discharged and sent home, the doctor would prescribe majorly anticoagulants for a decent period of time hence the blood pressure, and blood sugar levels and prothrombin time (PT/INR) are to be routinely monitored. Along with that, cholesterol lowering medicines, Aspirin, medicines to control blood sugar and hypertension could also be prescribed.
HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE FOR THE PATIENT TO COMPLETELY RECOVER