Know more about Influenza

Influenza is a viral infection which affects a person’s respiratory system — nose, throat and lungs. Influenza is commonly called the flu. The viruses spread from person-to-person by droplets coughed or sneezed in the air or through direct contact. People at higher risk of developing flu complications include:

  • Young children under age 5
  • Adults older than age 65
  • Pregnant women
  • People with weakened immune systems
  • People with chronic illnesses, such as asthma, heart disease, kidney disease, liver disease and diabetes

 

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Aching muscles
  • Chills and sweats
  • Headache
  • Dry and persistent cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Weakness
  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Eye pain

 

Diagnosis

Diagnostic tests available for influenza include viral culture, serology, rapid antigen testing, reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunofluorescence assays and rapid molecular assays.

 

Treatment

  • Drink plenty of liquids and Get more sleep to help your immune system fight infection to change your activity level, depending on your symptoms.
  • Take antivirals drugs, as prescribed by the health care provider
  • Have a light diet

 

Dr Raghudeep Palla
Consultant Pulmonologist
OMNI Hospitals, Kothapet

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