Most Advanced and Effective Kidney Stones Treatment

kidney-stone

Leading the Way: Advanced and High-quality Treatment for Kidney Stones

Kidney stones, or “Nephrolithiasis” as it is medically known, are the solid minerals and salts that form in the kidneys. It can often lead to a disruption of the normal functioning processes of the body’s urinary system, which may be very painful and might pose many health problems. These stones may also vary in size and typically result in intolerable pain as well as potential complications when left untreated. Luckily, the further development of medical science opened many doors to modern and progressive treatments aimed at overcoming kidney stones. Familiarisation with the forms, treatment alternatives, home remedies, and precautionary measures is significantly important for the management of this disorder.

About Kidney Stones

One or multiple stones may be present in a kidney and the ureter at the same time. Kidney stones are formed from crystals when substances present in the urine, such as oxalate, calcium, and phosphorus, become concentrated. Some kidney stones are usually excreted through the urine without any symptoms and travel in other directions until they get stuck. A larger stone may block the ureter and generally measure at least 3 mm (0.12 in) in size. It is, however, followed up by the pain starting in the lower back or flank and extending further to the groyne.

Types of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones arise in four major types:

  • Calcium Stones

Calcium oxalate stones, which make up the majority of kidney stones, are most commonly found. You can either absorb oxalate from your diet or have it produced by your liver on a regular basis. Urine may have higher levels of calcium or oxalate due to dietary variables, high vitamin D dosages, intestinal bypass surgery, and certain metabolic diseases.

  • Uric Acid Stones

People with diabetes or metabolic syndrome, those who consume a high-protein diet, and those who lose excessive amounts of fluid due to chronic diarrhoea or malabsorption can all develop uric acid stones. Uric acid stone risk may also be elevated by specific hereditary variables.

  • Struvite Stones

A urinary tract infection (UTI) can lead to the formation of struvite stones. These stones can occasionally occur with few symptoms or little warning, growing swiftly and becoming rather big.

  • Cystine Stones

A genetic condition known as cystinuria, which causes the kidneys to discharge too much of a certain amino acid, can cause these stones to develop in affected individuals.

Treatment Options for Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can sometimes pass through on their own. Stones that become stuck in the urinary tract are usually linked to an infection or result in difficulties that need to be surgically removed. Kidney stone management and treatment are based on the stone’s size, precise location and consistency. Medication or drug therapy, together with dietary and lifestyle changes, is recommended based on the patient’s baseline circumstances. You can be prescribed medicine by your doctor that helps in the passage of your kidney stone. By relaxing the ureter’s muscles, this kind of medication, known as an alpha blocker, allows you to clear kidney stones more rapidly and painlessly.  

Pain Management

A kidney stone is often painful and uncomfortable to pass. If you’re experiencing symptoms, your doctor could advise you to take an over-the-counter pain treatment like ibuprofen. Your doctor could also inject an anti-inflammatory drug or prescribe a narcotic for extreme pain. Taking a hot bath/shower or using a heating pad to the afflicted region are two other natural therapies that may offer temporary relief from symptoms.

If the stone has not yet disintegrated, surgery is performed to remove the kidney stone in order to preserve renal function and avoid future difficulties. Open surgery is done if any issues arise, such as renal damage or urinary infection.

Depending on the size and location of the stone, there are primarily four kinds of non-invasive treatments and surgeries that are carried out:

  • Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS): Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery (RIRS) is the term for ureterorenoscopy performed with a flexible ureteroscope. Stones from any location in the tract can be removed during this procedure.
  • Ureterorenoscopic Lithotripsy (URSL) with Holmium Laser: In cases where the stone becomes lodged in the ureter or bladder, a surgeon uses a thin, flexible device called a ureteroscope to reach the kidney through the bladder and ureter. Smaller parts of the kidney stone flow through urine, and the surgeon removes the pieces from the urethra using the Holmium radiation that the laser fibre transmits.
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) Procedure: If the kidney stones are larger, shock waves or lasers are used to shatter them into smaller pieces. The surgeon makes a little incision in the side or back and inserts a nephroscope to find and remove the kidney stones.
  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): The kidney stones are broken up into smaller bits so they may flow via urine during this non-invasive technique using non-electrical shockwaves that are conveyed through the body.

Kidney Stones in Children: How Are They Treated?

The majority of children may be treated for kidney stones with SWL-Shock Wave Lithotripsy, which is a totally non-invasive technique. While your child is sedated, particular frequencies of sound waves are directed at the stones, breaking them into pieces that are manageable to pass during the urine.

Home Remedies for Kidney Stone Treatment

The kidney stone can be removed or dissolved using home remedies. The following are some natural remedies for kidney stones that can be done at home:

  • Increase Your Water Intake: Initially, it can also be dissolved by taking certain drugs. If you drink more water, your kidneys, which are quite small in size, are naturally eliminated through urine.
  • Dietary Changes: Cut down on foods high in oxalate, such as chocolate, almonds, and beets. Reduce your salt consumption to avoid calcium accumulation.
  • Lemon Juice: If citrate problems are the cause of the stone, lemon juice may help. Lemon’s citrate helps dissolve tiny stones and even stops kidney stones from forming.
  • Herbal Tea: There is a long history of using certain herbal teas to promote kidney function and avoid kidney stones. Dandelion root tea is also supposed to aid in the elimination of waste and support kidney function.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar: Given its acidic nature, vinegar can occasionally alter urine composition, which can assist in treating kidney stones. But sometimes this isn’t helpful. Discuss the usage of vinegar with your healthcare physician.

Kidney Stones Prevention

A combination of medicines and lifestyle modifications may be used to prevent kidney stones.

Hydrate Yourself All Day Long: In most cases, doctors advise patients who have a history of kidney stones to consume enough fluids to pass around 2.1 quarts (2 litres) of urine each day. You might need to drink significantly more water to generate adequate pee if you exercise regularly or live in a hot, dry environment.

Avoid Foods High in Oxalate: If you have a family history of calcium oxalate stones, your doctor could advise limiting your intake of oxalate-rich foods. These consist of soy products, tea, cocoa, black pepper, rhubarb, beets, okra, spinach, Swiss chard, and sweet potatoes.

Eat Less Salt and Animal Protein in Your Diet: Cut back on your salt intake and opt for plant-based protein sources like lentils.  

Calcium Intake: Carry on consuming foods high in calcium, but use caution while using calcium supplements. Your risk of kidney stones is unaffected by the calcium in meals. Unless your doctor instructs you differently, keep consuming foods high in calcium.

Reduce Your Weight: Make an effort to shed some pounds if you are overweight. Discuss the optimum weight with your doctor.

Conclusion

Kidney stones can be an excruciating and unpleasant problem to deal with, but there are a number of choices for treatment. The field of kidney stone treatment has evolved, offering a variety of advanced and effective options. From non-invasive procedures to surgical interventions, the approach is tailored to the size and composition of the stones. Home remedies and preventive measures, coupled with medical interventions, play a crucial role in managing kidney stones and reducing the risk of recurrence.

Omni Hospitals is a leader in kidney stone treatment, offering patients advanced medical care. Omni Hospitals is committed to providing individualised and efficient treatment, guaranteeing the well-being of people with kidney stones, and it has a devoted team of doctors and cutting-edge facilities to support them.