Obesity Health Risks: Things to know
Different factors contribute to obesity, such as genetics and behavior. There are many behaviors, including physical activity, inactivity, dietary habits, medication use, and others. Food marketing and promotion are other factors contributing to the food and physical activity environment. The adverse mental health outcomes and reduced quality of life associated with obesity are serious. Diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and some types of cancer are associated with obesity in the world.
Several serious health complications are associated with obesity. The extra body fat strains the organs and bones. It also alters hormones and metabolism and increases inflammation. Those who are obese have a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30.
However, obesity does not automatically lead to major health problems. However, it increases your chances of developing them. Listed below are some health risks of obesity and suggestions on how to prevent or manage them.
1. Heart Issues
People with obesity are more likely to suffer from heart disease. A build-up of fatty deposits in the coronary arteries can damage the heart. Obese individuals have higher than normal blood pressure, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and blood sugar levels, which all increase the risk of heart disease. A narrow artery can cause a heart attack. Blood clots can cause strokes in narrow arteries.
2. Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is often associated with overweight or obesity. If you lose weight, eat a healthy diet, get adequate sleep, and exercise more, you can reduce your chances of developing type 2 diabetes. You can control your blood sugar levels by losing weight and becoming more physically active if you have type 2 diabetes. You may also need less diabetes medication if you become more active.
Many of the risk factors for heart disease and stroke are the same. During a stroke, the brain’s blood supply is interrupted. Besides brain damage, strokes can cause weakened muscles, thinking problems, and speech and language impairments.
4. High Blood Pressure
Oxygen and nutrients need more extra fat tissue in the body. To circulate more blood to the extra fat, your blood vessels have to expand. That requires your heart to pump even harder. Your arteries are under additional pressure because of the increased circulation of blood. Hypertension results from this additional pressure, and high blood pressure damages the heart and arteries.
The disease of gout affects joints. It occurs when the body produces too much uric acid. Uric acid deposited in the joints can form crystals. Overweight people are more likely to suffer from gout. Gout is more common among overweight people. The sudden loss or gain of weight can trigger gout flare-ups over the short term. Ask your physician how you can lose weight if you have a history of gout.
6. Sleep Apnea
A person who suffers from sleep apnea may stop breathing during sleep for a brief period. A person who is overweight has a greater chance of developing sleep apnea. In such cases, the airway becomes narrower because of the accumulation of fat around the neck. Snoring and difficulties breathing can be caused by a smaller airway at night. It is possible to lose weight and decrease sleep apnea risks by decreasing neck fat.
7. Gallbladder Disease
During digestion, bile is stored in the gallbladder and passed into the small intestine. Bile aids in fat digestion. The risk of gallstones increases with obesity. Bile builds up in the gallbladder and hardens. Gallstones can form in obese people if they have large gallbladders that don’t work properly or have high cholesterol levels in their bile. Surgery may be needed to remove them. Fiber and healthy fats are important components of a healthy diet that may prevent gallstones.
8. Liver Disease
Because of obesity, people can develop fat-related liver diseases like fatty liver disease and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). A buildup of fat in the liver causes these conditions. Because of excess fat, the liver can be damaged or scar tissue may grow, a condition called cirrhosis. Usually, there are no symptoms associated with fatty liver disease, but it can eventually cause liver failure. Losing weight, exercising, and avoiding alcohol is the only ways to reverse or manage the disease.
These are some of the common health risks of obesity. The best way to prevent yourself from these is to maintain a healthy weight and get in touch with the experts for the right treatment. At OMNI Hospitals, we provide an ongoing and healthy weight loss program through our expert team of Bariatric surgeons so that the process is less painful. Choose OMNI Hospitals for the best & most affordable healthcare today!
To Book your appointment today, consult our experts @ 888 0101 000