Summers are the time when people enjoy holidays with family and friends. There are many other fun activities to enjoy in summer such as swimming, eating ice cream, drinking cold drinks, shakes, etc. Thus, there are so many beautiful things to see and enjoy but there are disadvantages too. Summers bring a lot of health problems and many people all around the world suffer from different types of summer ailments. In this article, we will learn about different summer ailments and tips to prevent them.
Here are some of the common summer ailments.
As soon as summers arrive people start going to beaches. They are exposed to the sun for long without using proper precautions. This is the main reason that many people suffer from sunburns during the summer season. Sunburns occur when the skin is exposed to the harmful rays of the sun especially during the afternoon for long hours. Excessive exposure to the sun rays makes your skin red and in some cases, it can also cause skin cancer. Therefore, it is advised to use proper sunscreen while going out in the sun in the summers and the best way to avoid sunburns is to cover the exposed parts properly.
Heatstroke occurs commonly during the summers when a person stands for a long time outside in the sun without covering the head. When you stand in the sun for a long time during the summers you will start feeling weak, dizzy, and may experience a headache. Some people become unconscious due to a deficiency of water in the body. This can be prevented by avoiding going out in the sun or standing in the sun for a long time. One must cover the head properly when standing in the sun or finding a shady place.
It is another common problem experienced by many people during the summers. In this condition, the skin becomes red and starts cracking. Small red-coloured pustules may appear on the skin and they may start itching. Heat rashes mostly occur on the covered body parts. This occurs due to the blockage of sweat glands. One can apply calamine lotion to prevent itching. One should wear comfortable clothes during the summers.
In summers, our body needs more water than usual because our body loses water in the form of sweat and many salts are also lost when we sweat. If we do not drink enough water our body will become deficient in water and necessary salts and this condition is called dehydration. Therefore, one should drink more water during the summers to prevent dehydration. One can also drink an oral rehydration solution to fulfil the needs of salts in our body.
Many people enjoy eating outside food during summer which is not the right choice. Food poisoning is one of the common summer infections that may require your attention. This happens because bacteria can grow quickly in high temperatures. If you happen to eat undercooked food or spoiled food you can suffer from food poisoning. You may experience nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and pain in the stomach. This can be prevented by avoiding eating outside in the summers. If you happen to eat outside food ensure that it is cooled properly. Avoid drinking water from outside. Carry your water bottle.
Chickenpox is a highly infectious disease and it is caused by a virus, the virus becomes active during the summers and it becomes a common health problem. People suffering from chickenpox will experience fever, itching, red pustules on the skin, headache, weakness, and loss of appetite. The symptoms may last for a week and will go away naturally. You can apply a cool compress on the skin to get rid of itching. Calamine solution can also be used for reducing itching. One must get vaccinated to avoid this health problem.
Typhoid is also a common summer ailment. It mainly occurs by drinking unsafe water. This is transmitted through the oral route. Therefore, we should drink safe water. In this problem, the person will experience fever, weakness, tiredness, pain in the abdomen, loss of appetite, and headache. To prevent this problem, we should wash our hands regularly before and after eating food. We should drink safe water. We should avoid eating raw and uncooked food.
Unsafe drinking water can also produce diarrhoea therefore we must always drink safe water in the summers. Diarrhoea is the most common ailment of summers that occurs due to drinking contaminated water. A person may experience frequent loose and watery stools, weakness, tiredness, pain in the stomach, and headache. The best way to prevent diarrhoea is to avoid eating food outside and drinking unsafe water. Drink an oral rehydration solution to keep your body well hydrated.
It is also a common health problem that occurs during summers. It mostly occurs in children. It is a viral infection. A person suffering from measles will experience fever, sore throat, cough, running nose, and redness of the eyes. Rashes start developing on the skin, especially on the face. Vaccination is the best way to prevent this. One must drink more fluids during summers and should avoid overexertion.
Tips to prevent summer ailments
One can follow the below give summer health tips to prevent the common summer ailments. The tips given here can help you enjoy summer activities without contracting any disease.
- You must drink enough water to keep your body well hydrated. One must drink at least 8-10 glasses of water daily in summers.
- In the summer, people can drink different types of healthy fluids such as fruit juices, coconut water, lemon juice, milkshakes, and buttermilk to stay healthy.
- Avoid going out in the sun, especially in the afternoon. If you have to go outside, you must cover your exposed body parts and head.
- Wear sunglasses when going out in the sun to avoid irritation and redness of the eyes
- Wear loose-fitting clothes to stay comfortable and avoid too much sweating
- Avoid doing exercise in the heat of the sun. Go for exercise in the evening.
- Always wash your hands before eating food.
- Do not eat outside food. Always eat cooked food and avoid eating uncooked food.
- Wash fruits and vegetables properly before consuming
- You and your family should get a vaccination against mumps, typhoid, rubella, and measles.
- Put a sunscreen when going out in the sun to prevent the harmful effects of sun rays
- Avoid exposure to the sun rays in the afternoon
- Wear a hat to cover your head and wear sunglasses to prevent infection of the eyes
Now that we have made you aware of the summer infections and ailments that might bother you. You can follow the above mentioned tips to prevent them. It is definitely necessary to be careful about your health in all seasons but summer season comes with its own set of problems. Hence, follow the summer health tips, take care, and enjoy their summers with your families.