Coronary Angioplasty, medically also known as Percutaneous Coronary Intervention or simply Angioplasty is a process where the blocked arteries of the heart is unclogged. Angioplasty is generally followed by placing a stent in the artery of the heart where the blockage was found through an angiogram. These blockages occur due to accumulation of excess plaque or fat tissue or cholesterol leading to a heart stroke hence angioplasty is mostly recommended for patients who have had a heart stroke.
WHO NEEDS ANGIOPLASTY
Angioplasty is recommended for patients who have faced the following symptoms:
Angioplasty is done under abnormal report conditions of an angiogram which indicates the level of blockage. Initially local anesthesia is given to the patient, then a narrow flexible tube known as catheter is placed from an incision made either in the region of the patient’s groin or on the wrist. This is a special catheter that has the ability to expand in it’s place like a balloon when pumped. Through the X-Ray imaging once the catheter has reached the point of blockage it is pumped to expand the wall of the artery which pushes the fatty plaque through the blood vessels and the blockage is removed. In some cases an external human safe grade metal mesh is placed on the walls of the catheter’s balloon. This mesh acts like a barrier for the arteries to not contract in its place in the future. The catheter is then safely removed.
DURATION OF THE PROCESS
Angioplasty can take anywhere between 30 minutes to a few hours depending upon the case of the patient.
POST CORONARY ANGIOPLASTY
After the procedure of angioplasty the patient must:
TIME TO RECOVER
If the process of angioplasty is not planned then the recovery time would be around 7 days to return to work for a routine lifestyle but if in case it’s performed under an emergency situation like after a heart stroke then the time of recovery would increase anywhere from a few weeks to months depending upon the severity of the patient.