Myocardial Infarction

Also known as the Heart Attack, Myocardial Infarction is a medical emergency in which the muscles of your heart do not receive enough blood. A blockage in the artery causes this medical condition and, if not treated in time, can lead to death. The lack of blood supply can occur due to several factors, and it has many signs & symptoms that you should know.

What are the Signs & Symptoms of a Myocardial Infarction?

Myocardial Infarction can have several symptoms, some of which are mentioned below –

  • Chest pain or angina
  • Sweating
  • Feeling lightheaded, dizzy, or passing out.
  • Heart palpitations
  • Nausea or stomach discomfort
  • Insomnia or trouble sleeping
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath

What are the causes of Myocardial Infarction?

The main cause of Myocardial Infarction is blockage of blood vessels. This usually happens because of plaque deposits inside your arteries. This buildup is known as Atherosclerosis. Also, the buildup inside the coronary artery can rupture, depriving the heart muscle of blood and causing a heart attack.

It is also possible without a blockage due to the following reasons –

  • Eating disorders 
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Trauma
  • Coronary artery spasm
  • Certain medical condition

How is Myocardial Infarction Diagnosed?

If you have any signs of Myocardial Infarction, the attending doctor may ask you to undergo a specific set of medical examinations such as –

  • Blood tests
  • Electrocardiogram 
  • Angiogram 
  • Heart CT Scans
  • Heart MRI
  • Nuclear heart scans

How is Myocardial Infarction treated?

Treating heart attack involves restoring the blood flow to the heart. The doctor uses several invasive and non-invasive procedures to treat the condition. This involves medications and, if needed, surgery. The treatment can also include the changes in the lifestyle which are recommended by your healthcare provider.

Why Choose Omni Hospitals?

Myocardial Infarction is often considered a deadly condition and needs to be addressed by the top medical experts with years of experience in treating this complication. Book a consultation with our world-class & board-certified cardiologists and cardiac physiotherapy at Omni to receive effective treatment and reduce the risk of a heart attack.


Q1. What are the two stages of Myocardial Infarction?

Ans. The Myocardial Infarction is divided into two parts – 

  • Early evolving phase
  • Later convalescent phase

Q2. Can Myocardial Infarction be prevented?

Ans. Early diagnosis & treatment can considerably reduce the risk of heart attack and the severity of the condition. 

Q3. How can I reduce the risk of having a heart attack?

Ans. To alleviate the risk of heart attack, you must look after the condition’s symptoms and go for a regular heart health checkup. 

Q4. What are the medical complications of having a heart attack?

Ans. The following are the complications of heart attack –

  • Depression 
  • Anxiety
  • Heart failure
  • Heart valve problems 
  • Sudden cardiac arrest

Q5. How common are heart attacks?

Ans. Heart attacks happen to about 635,000 people every year. Thus, it is crucial to always follow a healthy lifestyle & keep a check on your heart health.

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