Permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI) or simply Pacemaker is a tiny electronic device which helps to maintain an appropriate rate of heart beat in patients who have extremely low heart rate which is diagnosed to be Bradycardia or irregular heart rate which could be life threatening. This problem is known as Ventricular Dyssynchrony. The pacemaker is placed just below the collar bone of the patient.
HOW DOES IT WORK
The pacemaker is a small metal cased circuit which is run electronically by a micro computer. This microchip is majorly subdivided into 2 parts which are electrodes on each lead and a pulse generator. Whenever the patient’s heart beats in a non uniform manner or too low than required then improper amount of blood is circulated around the body which is hazardous, hence at these times the pacemaker comes in play where it signals the heart through electrical impulses that brings back the functioning of the heart in it’s appropriate rhythm.
HOW DOES THE PACEMAKER RUN
Pacemaker runs by a small electronic battery which is placed inside the pacemaker unit. It has a long life which runs anywhere from 7 to 10 years.
TYPES OF PACEMAKER IMPLANTS
Human heart has 4 chambers i.e 2 on the upper side and 2 on the bottom. Pacemaker units are of 3 types that can be implanted in the patient’s upper chest depending upon the patient’s heart issue. These three types are as follows.
HOW IS A PACEMAKER IMPLANTED :
Before the implant, the assigned doctor would know the patient’s medical reports, family history, allergies, procedure & the financials
BENEFITS OF PACEMAKER IMPLANTATION
It is to note that a pacemaker does not cure any heart diseases but rather keeps in control with appropriately normal rhythm.
Benefits of having a right heart rhythm according to the body’s activity are as follows: