Department of

Pulmonology-Respiratory Diseases Treatment

Department of

Pulmonology-Respiratory Diseases Treatment

Respiratory Diseases Treatment

The windpipe, or trachea, is a component of the lower respiratory system. It divides into two bronchial tubes, each of which descends into a lung. The bronchial tubes within the lungs branch out into numerous smaller branches known as bronchioles. Alveoli, which are tiny air sacs, sprout from these thinning branches. The alveoli are encircled by tiny blood veins called capillaries. These capillaries allow gas exchange between the bloodstream and lungs for oxygen and carbon dioxide.

The main categories of respiratory diseases, early signs to look out for, necessary tests for a proper diagnosis, medications, and self-management techniques to help you breathe as normally as possible are included here.

Your capacity to breathe is hampered by a variety of disorders that impact various respiratory system components. These illnesses may be infectious or chronic. Obstructive or restrictive chronic lung illnesses make up the two primary categories. Infectious respiratory disorders are more likely to affect those with compromised lungs and immune systems. Some people suffer from various lung diseases.

Blocking Conditions

  1. Airways that are obstructed or constricted as a result of obstructive lung illnesses make it harder for the lungs to exhale and inhale.
  2. Inflammation of the airway walls, decreased elasticity of the airways and air sacs, and mucus buildup in the lungs are all symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD.
  3. Emphysema and persistent bronchitis are included in it. The lungs’ small air sacs are harmed in emphysema. Inflammation of the air sacs and increased mucus production in the lungs are symptoms of chronic bronchitis.
  4. Breathing treatments are typically necessary for people with respiratory diseases including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in order to help them breathe easily.
  5. Inhalers or nebulizers are used to deliver drugs to the lungs during breathing treatments. Only a prescription is needed to purchase either. Each one has advantages and risks of their own. is released in aerosol form. Additionally, there are inhalers for your nose that deliver medication.
  6. With the use of a face mask and a nebulizer, you can breathe in a thin mist of medication. Some nebulizers require an electrical outlet and some run on batteries and are portable.
  7. Although many respiratory illnesses benefit from using both nebulizers and inhalers, some may work better with only one.

Breathing Treatments for Asthma

Most asthma treatments consist of two steps. Fast-acting medications are used in the first to treat flare-ups and the second includes measures to stop the flare-ups before they occur.

Albuterol is the most often prescribed asthma medicine. It is a short-acting medication that virtually instantly relieves asthma attacks. It can be administered using a nebulizer or an inhaler.

Nebulizers and Asthma

You typically need to put on a mask for 5 to 10 minutes during nebulizer treatments. You only need to remain still during this period. This might be a difficulty for young kids who have trouble staying still. They might not receive enough medication if they don’t remain still or wear the mask for the recommended amount of time.

COPD Breathing Therapy

  • An assortment of inflammatory lung conditions known as COPD, reduce lung airflow. Two of the most prevalent forms of COPD are emphysema and chronic bronchitis.
  • Two important respiratory therapies for COPD include bronchodilators and corticosteroids. Your airways are helped to widen with bronchodilators and Inflammation is reduced by corticosteroids. In the management of COPD, they are frequently combined.
  • You can use a nebulizer or an inhaler to administer both bronchodilators and corticosteroids. Nebulizers may be more helpful at treating the symptoms of COPD, according to some research, but there isn’t enough data to make that claim.
  • There is some evidence to suggest that combining morning and evening nebulizer treatments with midday inhaler use may be a more effective COPD therapy strategy.

Other Treatments for COPD:

  1. Lung therapies like oxygen therapy.
  2. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs.
  3. Surgery.

Breathing Treatments for Pneumonia

A lung infection known as pneumonia, is brought on by bacteria, viruses, or fungi. While rest, antibiotics, or over-the-counter drugs can manage the majority of pneumonia cases, some of them also call for hospitalisation. You might receive breathing therapy using a nebulizer if you are hospitalised with pneumonia.

Infectious Diseases

  1. Although some respiratory infections might develop into chronic illnesses or return often, infectious lung problems are mostly transient.
  2. The most typical bacterial or viral agents that cause pneumonia are lung infections. Pneumonia is more likely to strike people with long-term respiratory issues like COPD.
  3. A bacterial infection known as tuberculosis damages the lungs and other body organs. TB can remain dormant or latent for a long time.


  1. Respiratory disease is recognised to be influenced by specific circumstances. Others’ causes are unknown. These are a few risks or causes:
  2. Smoking: Smoking worsens asthma and can cause attacks. It is also a major contributor to lung cancer and COPD. Both children and adults are more susceptible to upper respiratory illnesses and asthma attacks as a result of secondhand smoke.
  3. Environmental: Pollen and other environmental factors like air pollution increase the likelihood of asthma attacks and flare-ups.
  4. Autoimmune diseases: Pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by immune-suppressing disorders including scleroderma and rheumatoid arthritis. Skin and connective tissue stiffen as a result of scleroderma. The joints and occasionally other body components are affected by rheumatoid arthritis.
  5. Genetic: Inherited genetic flaws are the root cause of cystic fibrosis and alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.

When to consult the Doctor?

Although some symptoms are common to numerous conditions, symptoms might differ depending on the type of respiratory condition.

  1. Breathing difficulty when active.
  2. Recurring cough.
  3. Mucus-filled wet cough (COPD, cystic fibrosis, asthma).
  4. Ineffective dry cough (pulmonary fibrosis).
  5. Chest constriction.
  6. Wheezing.
  7. Shallow, quick breathing.
  8. Hoarseness.
  9. Respiratory illnesses that recur.
  10. Fatigue.

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