Department of

Orthopedics - Sports Injury

Department of

Orthopedics - Sports Injury

Sports Injury

Sports injuries can happen when exercising or playing a sport. Although adults can also get these kinds of injuries, children are particularly vulnerable to them.

You are prone to sport injuries if:

  • Not been active on a regular basis.
  • Adequately warming up before exercising.
  • Engage in contact sport.
  • Learn more about sports injuries, your treatment choices, and strategies for avoiding them altogether in this space.

Types of Sport Injuries:

Different sports injuries result in various symptoms and aftereffects. The most typical forms of sports injuries consist of:

  1. Sprains : Sprains are caused by overstretching or ripping the ligaments. Ligaments are strands of connective tissue that hold two bones together in a joint.
  2. Strains : A sprain is caused by overstretching or tearing tendons or muscles. Tendons, which connect bone to muscle, are substantial, fibrous strands of tissue.    Sprains and strains are frequently confused. Here is how you can tell them apart.
  3. Knee injuries : Any sports injury that limits the movement of the knee joint, right from an overstretch to a tear in the knee’s tissues or muscles.
  4. Muscle swelling : Muscle swelling is a typical outcome of an injury. Muscle swellies might hurt as well.
  5. Achilles tendon rupture : At the rear of your ankle is the Achilles tendon, a strong but thin tendon, that may rupture or break when playing sports. When it   does, you could feel sharp, excruciating pain and have trouble walking.
  6. Broken bones : Broken bones are another name for bone fractures.
  7. Bone dislocations: They can occur as a result of sports-related injuries. A bone is yanked out of its socket when that occurs. Swelling and weakening may result    from this, which can be uncomfortable.
  8. Injury to the rotator cuff: The rotator cuff is made up of four different muscle groups. Your shoulder may move in any direction with the help of a rotator cuff.   The rotator cuff can become less strong if one of these muscles tears.

Causes of Sports Injury:
Sports injuries can have a variety of reasons, such as:

  • Mishaps, like a tumble.
  • Not warming up or stretching adequately.
  • Lack of safety equipment, broken or improperly worn equipment.
  • Shoes that are uncomfortable or don’t offer enough support.
  • Start an exercise regimen suddenly, or boost your physical activity levels much beyond what your body is accustomed to.

Diagnosis :

Your healthcare professional does a physical exam to identify a sports injury. They will enquire as to what transpired and what symptoms you experienced. Additionally, they’ll examine the hurt area and perhaps test how it moves.
Your doctor might also suggest imaging testing, depending on the kind of damage you have and its severity. A CT scan, MRI, or an X-ray can produce images of the internal organs in your body. They will be able to recognise, identify, and treat your particular injury with the aid of the photos.
Depending on the nature and severity of a sports injury, there are many different types of treatment. With rest and at-home treatments, many sports injuries recover in a matter of days or weeks.

However, therapy for more severe wounds may entail

Immobilisation with a walking boot, cast, splint, sling, or other medical device.

  • Injections to lessen pain and swelling.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs on prescription.
  • Surgery to repair ligament, tendon, or cartilage injuries, or to fix fractures.
  • To strengthen and heal broken body parts, physical therapy (often referred to as rehabilitation or rehab) is used.


Stop playing or working out right away if you get harmed while exercising. If you continue, you might stress your muscles more. The RICE approach helps most minor sports injuries heal in a few days:

  1. Rest : For a few days, avoid using the damaged area. Consider utilising crutches if you have a lower body injury to avoid putting weight on the hurt area.
  2. Ice : To relieve pain and swelling, apply ice or cold compresses to the damaged region (for example, 15 to 20 minutes every four hours).
  3. Compression : To offer support and lessen swelling, wrap the affected region in an elastic bandage. Ensure that it is snug but not so tight that it hurts or restricts blood flow.
  4. Elevation : To rest it and lessen swelling, elevate the damaged body part, if at all feasible, above the level of your heart. Keep the wound above your chest by using a cushion or a similar object.

When to consult a doctor

Even though many sports injuries may be treated at home, you should consult a doctor if you have any of the following symptoms: Movement-limiting pain that:

  • Doesn’t get better with time.
  • Large swelling that doesn’t gradually go away.
  • Severe bleeding or bruises.
  • Obvious abnormality, such as a leg that bends incorrectly.

Related Links